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AI Initiatives

"UK Case Study"

Government Initiatives on AI in 2019-2020

The UK is making great efforts to maintain its current position as the #3 international AI leader behind the USA and China, and to optimize its potential to climb further up the ladder of the Global AI Race. By PricewaterhouseCoopers estimation, AI technologies are set to contribute $15.7tr to the world economy by 2030, and to increase UK GDP up to 10.3% by 2030. In order to convert these potentials into practice, the UK government has formulated strategic industry development initiatives in 5 key areas - Human Capital, Lab to the Market Developments, Networking, Regulation and Infrastructure. Human capital policy targets the UK educational system to create a supply of Ai specialists that meets the nation’s demands. The UK has initiated a National Retraining Scheme to encourage lifelong learning for adults and let them enter new niches in the workforce.
 
The “Lab to the market development” policy area focuses on accelerating the development of AI-related technologies and the journey from prototype to market ready products and services. To hasten product development lifecycles, the UK government has committed substantial investments to research programs focused on “data science and AI” (£300 million), as well as sponsoring institutions that deal with AI-related investigations. Among of them is Alan Turing Institute and the recently established Centre for Industrial Digitisation, Robotics and Automation. Meanwhile, networking policies aim to attract highly skilled workers for simplified immigration paths. As a part of its networking development initiative, the UK has established an AI council - independent expert committee that facilitates collaboration between experts in AI technologies in academia, industry and government institutions.
 
In order to develop regulations for data-based technologies, including AI, the UK has also established a Centre for Data Ethics and Innovation. The CDEI advises government on risks and opportunities relating to the adoption of AI and data use in the UK, and has power to influence policy-making. Finally, Infrastructure focuses on supporting optimal technology environments that affect the development of new technology implementation. As part of this fifth development area, the UK has committed large investments in 5G, full-fibre networks, and transportation projects.
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AI main trends in the UK: Human Capital transformation

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The UK is investing heavily in the creation of new training and educational opportunities centered on AI in order to increase the number of AI specialists, technologists and technicians, to help the nation’s supply of AI expertise meet actual real-world demands.
 
Additionally, these efforts are also partly aimed at increasing demand for AI specialists as well, given that supply also to some extent influences demand, and a larger quantity of AI specialists available helps to create jobs